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Language Arts & Mathematics

The Kindergarten curriculum is based on the common core standards as presented by the Department of Education.

Language Arts/ Starfall

Every day is an adventure with the Starfall English and Language Arts Curriculum. Starfall Kindergarten helps you establish a collaborative environment in which struggling readers, English language learners, and advanced readers explore, learn, and grow — together. This playful and effective program teaches reading skills and integrates content-area instruction in technology, social studies, and science.

Starfall’s instructional design reflects proven instructional methods and often exceeds state standards. Starfall is modeled after scientific research, and includes lesson plans, reading materials, and activities on the “Big Five” focus areas recommended by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development: phonemic awareness, systematic phonics, vocabulary, fluency, and comprehension. However, the common thread between the 5 pillars of L/A is students’ motivation. For children, Starfall’s cooperative classroom environment features imaginative plush characters, stimulating

interactive online activities, engaging content-driven instruction, and hands-on experiences.

Phonemic Awareness & Phonics

Our short, daily phonemic awareness exercises lay the foundation for effective phonics instruction. Teachers deliver sound and spelling relationships and high-frequency words systematically, sequentially, and explicitly. Their children:

    • identify and discriminate speech sounds

    • connect speech sounds to graphemes

    • apply this knowledge daily to read and write words and sentences in print and online.


Starfall’s explicit vocabulary instruction helps teachers broaden their students’ knowledge and ensure the children become inquisitive readers and imaginative writers by:

    • creating curiosity about words and their meanings

    • comparing different words with the same or similar meanings

    • discussing words that sound the same but have different meanings depending on context or spelling

    • targeting academic language, or words used to direct or explain

    • modeling how to recognize unknown words, and to monitor your own understanding of what you read and hear


Starfall teachers model prosody, expression, and intonation when reading aloud to their students. The lesson plans ensure teachers reread texts demonstrating the value of revisiting selections in order to gain greater fluency and comprehension. The practice activities encourage learners to repeat, dramatize, and retell in whole-group and peer-to peer scenarios. With a simple click, offers audio examples of fluent reading for all of the children’s practice materials.


Writing demonstrates a child’s proficiency and comprehension. During writing sessions, Starfall teachers move about the room, interacting with children one-on-one, and informally assessing how well each child has integrated phonics, vocabulary, and comprehension skills and strategies. The lesson plans ensure opportunities for children to share and discuss their own writing with their peers.


Ultimately, the purpose of writing and speaking and reading and listening is to communicate and to understand. Starfall teachers hone comprehension skills and strategies throughout the day via direct instruction, teacher modeling (“think aloud”), and guided practice.

Children work cooperatively to apply these strategies and skills to the texts and topics they encounter, and interpret meaning through peer-to peer or symposium-style group discussion. The guide encourages teachers to facilitate, rather than lead, the conversation.


Mathematics/ Everyday Math (McGraw-Hill)


Everyday Mathematics is a comprehensive Pre-K through Grade 6 mathematics program engineered for the Common Core State Standards. Developed by The University of Chicago, School Mathematics Project, the Everyday Mathematics spiral curriculum continually reinforces abstract math concepts through concrete real-world applications.

EDM (Everyday Math) is engineered to ensure that children’s learning focuses on the major work of each grade, helping teachers to guide students from foundational work to mastery of each standard. The program brings math concepts to life and provide opportunities to apply math knowledge every day. Daily opportunities for problem solving are woven throughout

Everyday Mathematics in rich activities such as:

    • Math Messages

    • Math Boxes

    • Home Links

    • Writing/Reasoning Prompts

    • Open Response and Reengagement

    • Exploration Lessons, and more

2 Day Unit Assessments provide the opportunity to measure the students’ mastery of the focus content of each unit, but they also give the chance to extend the students’ learning and reinforce their skills.

Academic Skills/Content Mastery (Kindergarten)


Language Arts

Semester 1

Semester 2

Listening & Verbal Expression


Follows oral directions



Speaks clear and complete sentences



Uses correct grammar when speaking



Sequence events, images, and segments properly



Delivers brief presentations about familiar experiences and interests


Reading & Reading Comprehension


Identifies all upper and lower case letters



Demonstrates knowledge of letter sounds



Demonstrates rhyme awareness



Identifies beginning and ending sounds in words



Counts the numbers of syllables in words



Knows short vowel sounds



Reads sight words



Engages with grade level book reading



Retells main ideas of a story (who, what, where, when, why, and how)


Writing & Writing Expression


Writes words and brief sentences independently



Spells phonetically



Writes legibly and uses proper spacing



Completes five sentence paragraphs



Semester 1

Semester 2

Concept of Numbers & Computation


Recognizes and represents numbers to 30/100



Counts objects to 30/100



Uses concrete objects/numbers to add/subtract


Measurement & Geometry


Identifies, sorts, and classifies objects



Compares length, weight and capacity of objects



Identifies geometric shapes



Demonstrates knowledge of concept of time



Uses pictures and graphs to represent data


Data Analysis


Identifies, describes and extends simple patterns



Sequences shapes, series, and objects


Academic Skills/Content Mastery



Semester 1

Semester 2

Social Sciences


Describes the characteristics of a good citizen



Identifies state and national symbols



Understands how people work together to create a community



Organizes events in temporal order (days, weeks, months)



Understands the concept of history & culture


Physical & Life Sciences


Describes objects by physical properties



Names the main parts of a plant



Names the main parts of an animal



Observes and describes the changes in seasons and weather



Knowledge of earth science (land, air, & water)



Observes common objects by using the five senses



Semester 1

Semester 2

Fine Arts


Uses variety of tools and accessories to express fine arts (scissors, paint brush, glue, etc.)



Completed a personal/class project inspired by famous artwork




Demonstrates knowledge of basic sign language



Participates in Hebrew/Spanish enrichment classes


Personal & Social Development


Character Development

Semester 1

Semester 2


Consistently shows effort



Respects self and others



Listens attentively



Meaningfully participates in classroom activities and discussions



Follows directions



Completes tasks/assignments in a timely manner



Completes and returns homework



Demonstrates organizational skills



Works collaboratively with peers



Works independently



Expresses self-creativity


Kindergarten National Standardized Test

Stanford Achievement Test, Tenth Edition


The benchmark of excellence in achievement testing for more than 80 years, Stanford 10 provides reliable data to help measure student progress toward content standards and high expectations. This multiple-choice assessment helps to identify student strengths and needs, leading to effective placement and instructional planning.

  • Content is aligned with national common core standards.

  • Allow to compare student performance with that of a representative sample of students across the country with current information.

  • Identification of student strengths and needs supports effective placement and instructional planning.

  • An Achievement/Ability Comparison can be made when Stanford 10 is administered with OLSAT®8.

  • Test design reflects curricula and best instructional practices.

  • All questions are unique across forms and levels. Each item is designed to measure up to four achievement parameters: content cluster, process cluster, cognitive level, instructional standard.

  • Test questions assess all core content areas.

  • Full-color, consistently formatted testing materials help motivate students to answer all questions.

  • Unique, easy-to-navigate answer documents provide a clear road map for students to mark their answers.

  • Untimed testing gives all students the opportunity to show what they know.

The Mathematics subtests align with the NAEP and measure concepts and processes based on the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics Principles and Standards for School Mathematics (PSSM) and state standards. Concepts assessed include number sense and operations; patterns, relationships, and algebra; geometry and measurement; and data, statistics, and probability.

Questions also evaluate processes in computation and representation; estimation; mathematical connections; and reasoning and problem solving. To enhance test interpretation, the subtests provide consistency in names of content clusters across levels. Mathematics Problem Solving measures the skills and knowledge necessary to solve problems in mathematics. Mathematics Procedures measures the ability to apply the rules and methods of arithmetic to problems that require arithmetic solutions. Both standard and metric rulers are used in the Mathematics Problem Solving and Mathematics subtests for the Primary 1–TASK levels. A mathematics reference sheet that provides the formulas necessary to solve problems is included for the Advanced and TASK levels. Calculator use is an option in the Mathematics Problem Solving subtest beginning at the Intermediate 1 level and in the Mathematics subtest at the TASK levels.



The Reading subtests measure a broad spectrum of essential reading components and are aligned with IRA/NCTE standards, state standards, and the National Assessment of Education Progress (NAEP). Reflecting a balanced, developmental curriculum and sound instructional practices, these subtests assess the following areas at appropriate grade levels: phonemic awareness, decoding, phonics, vocabulary, and comprehension.

Cognitive Ability Test (Otis-Lennon School Ability Test – OLSAT 8)

OLSAT 8 measures cognitive abilities that relate to a student’s academic success in school. By assessing a student’s verbal, nonverbal, and quantitative ability, OLSAT 8 supplies educators with valuable information to enhance the insights gained from traditional achievement tests.

  • Content clusters and item types include verbal, nonverbal, and quantitative.
  • Obtain student’s Achievement/Ability Comparison (AAC) score when administered with the Stanford Achievement Test Series, Tenth Edition (Stanford 10).
  • Specialized statistical procedures and comprehensive review of all test items by minority-group educators help minimize ethnic, gender, cultural, and regional bias.
  • Evaluates a student’s performance on a variety of tasks, including detecting likenesses and differences, recalling words and numbers, defining words, following directions, classifying, establishing sequence, solving arithmetic problems, and completing analogies.
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